2 edition of Literature survey of environmental concerns associated with in situ coal/oil shale operations found in the catalog.
Literature survey of environmental concerns associated with in situ coal/oil shale operations
D. D. Fischer
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Engineering Research Laboratory in Research Triangle Park, NC
Written in English
|Contributions||Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination|| p. ;|
This page was last edited on 15 January , at Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. SourceWatch is a project of the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD). Fossil Fuels: Coal Introduction History Coal has been a source of energy for almost as long as Homo sapiens have inhabited the planet. The earliest record for its use dates back more than years to China where it may have been used to smelt copper1. In areas where coal seams intersected the su rface, coal was a ready supply of energy just.
De Rouffignac, E. In Situ Resistive Heating of Oil Shale for Oil Production-A Summary of the Swedish Data, (4 pages). Dougan, et al. “The Potential for in situ Retorting of Oil Shale in the Piceance Creek Basin of Northwestern Colorado”, Quarterly of the Colorado School of Mines (pp. ). groundwater that may be encountered in coal basins is related to the coal. Oil fields and oil shows are common in basins with Permian coals, most notably in the Cooper-Eromanga basin, in the Bowen-Surat basin, and in the Canning, Carnarvon, Petrel and Perth basins. However, almost.
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Get this from a library. Literature survey of environmental concerns associated with in situ coal/oil shale operations. [D D Fischer; Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory.]. Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen.
Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons.
The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an alternative to petroleum or natural gas. Oil shale is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from which liquid hydrocarbons can be produced, called shale oil (not to be confused with tight oil—crude oil occurring naturally in shales).
Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the Primary: Kerogen, Quartz, Feldspar.
EPA/ February MONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE COAL AND OIL SHALE INDUSTRIES Research and Development Needs by D. Jones W. Clark W. Holland J. Lacy E. Sethness Radian Corporation P.O.
Box Austin, Texas Contract No.Task 25 Project Officer Robert K. Oser Office of Program. Two main environmental concerns associated with the use of coal are: Pollution, caused by emissions of contaminants such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury, which affects human and environmental health.
Greenhouse gases, emissions of which contribute to. Start studying APES. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Browse. Which is an environmental problem associated with abandoned coal mines. Match the main use of coal/oil/gas in that order.
EPA/ July EPA PROGRAM CONFERENCE REPORT: OIL SHALE Proceedings of the EPA/Industry Forum JanuaryPrepared by H.F. Coffer C.K. GeoEnergy Corporation Paradise Road Suite A Las Vegas, Nevada Alden Christiansen Cincinnati, Ohio William N.
McCarthy, Jr. Office of Energy, Minerals and. COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. II - Mining of Oil Shale - Ingo Valgma and Jialin L. Qian ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) About 85% of oil shale mined is used for burning in oil shale power stations; 12% for retorting for obtaining shale oil; about 3% for cement factories.
The International Journal of Coal Geology deals with fundamental and applied aspects of the geology and petrology of coal, oil/gas source rocks and shale gas resources. The journal aims to advance the exploration, exploitation and utilization of these resources, and to stimulate environmental awareness.
COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. I-The Origin of Coal and World Reserves - Fangui Zeng ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) macerals can be found in coal, i.e.
vitrinite, exinite and inertinite. The first large sources of land plant matter giving rise to enormous coal reservesFile Size: 51KB.
Exposure pathways related to shale gas development and procedures for reducing environmental and public risk Article in Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering –84.
The International Journal of Coal Geology deals with fundamental and applied aspects of the geology and petrology of coal, oil/gas source rocks and shale gas resources. The journal aims to advance the exploration, exploitation and utilization of these resources, and to stimulate environmental awareness as well as advancement of engineering for effective resource.
The environmental impact of coal and oil (Concerns over who pays as Shell begins huge take of decommissioning Brent oil rigs, 6 February), a Shell spokesman refers to “quite violent action. SPE 3 The technical literature around the “adaptation” of horizontal wells and hydraulic fracturing to shale developments is extensive, addressing nearly every aspect of shale gas and oil development with over papers in shale.
Shale Oil represents a huge additional global fossil fuel resource. However, extracting oil from the shale is no simple task; much still needs to be understood to make the process more cost. The environmental impact of nuclear power results from the nuclear fuel cycle, operation, and the effects of nuclear accidents.
The greenhouse gas emissions from nuclear fission power are much smaller than those associated with coal, oil and gas, and the routine health risks are much smaller than those associated with coal. However, there is a "catastrophic risk" potential if containment. Workshop 1 Risks of Unconventional Shale Gas Development.
The purpose of this workshop, held May, was to take a broad look at the risks, actualized or potential, associated with the development of shale gas resources. 1 To identify the risks to be examined, the committee organizing the workshop considered both existing accounts of these risks and the.
The nexus of food, energy, and water is depicted in Figure 1; at the nexus, all three are in harmony and our sustainability is assured. This book explores the role that food, energy, and water play in maintaining our lives and lifestyles; and it focuses on the environmental nexus of food, energy, and : Satinder Ahuja.
Coal, oil, and gas consist largely of carbon and hydrogen. The process that we call "burning" actually is chemical reactions with oxygen in the air.
For the most part, the carbon combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide (CO 2), and the hydrogen combines with oxygen to.
It suffered from dereliction caused by extractive industries such as coal, oil shale and fire clay which had prospered in the nineteenth century but have since ceased operating. The town is in a prime location in relation to transport infrastructure and urban centres, but development was hindered by the poor quality of the general environment.
The book is organized into two mirrored halves; coal goes first, with Tabak using clear, succinct language to explain the earliest discovery of the fuel, how and why it burns, the demand throughout time, dangers associated with its excavation, and much by: 3.coal (once converted to coke) remains a vital raw material in iron making.
Clearly, the science and technology of coal and oil discovery, extraction, and processing have reached dazzling levels of complexity. Huge multinational corporations expend billions of dollars merely to find and remove coal and oil in economic quantities.emphasizes hydraulic fracturing in shale formations.
Portions of the proposed research, however, may hydraulic fracturing operations at various spatial and temporal scales in the selected study areas using There are also concerns associated with the design, construction, operation, and closure of waste impoundment pits.